has a population of almost 20 million people
in a country not much smaller than the
contiguous 48 United States. However, the
great majority of the population is located
in a few major urban centers. The large
majority of the population (93%) has a
European heritage, primarily English. The
predominant language of the country is
English with Christianity the largest religion
Aborigines are indigenous to Australia
and make up 1% of the population. They
are thought to have canoed to Australia
from Southeast Asia some 30,000 to 50,000
years ago. Scientist established this time
frame using radiocarbon dating techniques.
The Aborigines believe one's exact birthplace
determines your position within a clan
or kinship group, and gives you with a
secret personal name. They also have a
strong devotion of kinship, and believe
in walkabout -- the desire to revisit
the sacred sites.
Australian concerns include pollution,
particularly depletion of the ozone layer,
and management and conservation of coastal
areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.
A referendum to change Australia's status,
from a commonwealth headed by the British
monarch to a republic, was defeated in
is a very friendly and open culture. However, "G'day" the
informal "hello" is overused by
tourists. The Australians expect one's work
to speak for itself, so they are not impressed
with your position, title, or status. Don't
arrive in town wearing the latest status
symbol to announce how important you think
you are. Plus, Australia had a "gold
rushes" in the 1850s and 1890s. Earlier
gold discoveries were kept quiet so chaos
didn't break out. But the 1848 California
gold rush enticed miners to leave Australia,
so the 1850 discovery was not kept quiet.
Hofstede Analysis for Australia
The Geert Hofstede analysis
shows the high level of individuality Australian's
hold dear. This is reinforced in their
daily lives and must be considered when traveling
and doing business
in the Country. Privacy is considered the norm and attempts
at personal ingratiation may meet with rebuff. Uncertainty
avoidance is relatively low with a family centered culture
and a stable society.
Geert Hofstede analysis for Australia reflects
the high level of individuality Australian's
hold dear. The Individualism (IDV) index for
Australia is 90, the second highest score of
any country in Hofstede’s survey, behind
the United States' ranking of 91.
individuality is reinforced in Australian’s
daily lives and must be considered when traveling
and doing business in their Country. Privacy
is considered the cultural norm and attempts
at personal ingratiating may meet with rebuff.
Power Distance (PDI) is relatively low, with
an index of 36, compared to the world average
of 55. This is indicative of a greater equality
between societal levels, including government,
organizations, and even within families. This
orientation reinforces a cooperative interaction
across power levels and creates a more stable
The predominant religion
in Australia is Christian (50%) and their
high Individualism (IDV) index correlates well
other Christian based cultures. In these
predominant Christian societies, the Hofstede
Index has been found to be the most closely
correlating Dimension. More on Geert Hofstede
by Stphen Taylor - the Sigma Two Group
WORLD FACTBOOK 2011
have defined a predominantly Christian
country as over 50% of the population practicing
some form of Christianity, other than Catholicism.
In this group, the primary correlation
between religion and the Geert Hofstede
Dimensions is a high Individualism (IDV)
ranking. (See the accompanying article).
wear a conservative dark business suit and
Women may wear a dress,
or skirt and blouse, for business.
clothing is appropriate when not attending
business functions. Casual pants are fine
for both men and women.
should not become physically demonstrative
with another man, or wink at a woman.
punctual is critical.
good eye contact during meetings and conversations.
single, male passenger using a taxi should
sit in the front seat.
giving is not a common practice in business.
may bring a small gift of chocolate, wine
or flowers if invited to someone's home.
paying for a round of drinks, do not pick
up the tab out of turn, and make sure to
pay when it is your turn.
you approach a line/queue, go to the end/back
and wait your turn.
sending a gift to someone in Austrlia, see
gifts to Australia.
is the spoken language
hands when meeting and when leaving.
uncommon, some women may greet each other
with a kiss on the cheek.
business cards is common among professional
are friendly and open, but directness and
brevity are valued.
are respected, and opinionated discussions
an active listener, and ask if you do not
understand something in the conversation.
not hype yourself, your company or your
and sports are good conversational topics
tea is about 4:00pm
is between 6:00 - 8:00pm and is an evening
is a late night light meal or snack
Geert Hofstede Free
Monthly Newsletter Resource
to the UTD Global MBA graduates who work
diligently on collecting the information for this Website
Page authored by: Stephen Taylor